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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 91-93

Anesthetic management of a parturient with Wernicke's encephalopathy secondary to hyperemesis gravidarum for cesarean section


Department of Anesthesia, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Divya Gahlot
D-55 Arya Nagar Apartments, I P Extension, Patparganj, New Delhi - 110 092
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/TheIAForum.TheIAForum_18_20

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Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) secondary to hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a rare but a known complication. A delay in diagnosis and treatment often results in long-term neurological sequelae. Critical care management of these patients is reported in the literature, but their anesthetic management for cesarean section is lacking. We report the case of a 28-year-old parturient who presented with HG in the first trimester of pregnancy and was managed conservatively. She later developed nystagmus, weakness, and cognitive dysfunction, and a diagnosis of WE secondary to HG was established. The patient was later posted for cesarean section in view of persistent quadriparesis and cognitive impairment at term gestation. General anesthesia was the preferred anesthesia technique of choice. Obstetric patients with preexisting neurological disease for cesarean section become a special subpopulation for anesthesiologists with their unique anesthetic challenges.


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