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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-34

Current practice and attitudes regarding the perioperative use of cuffed tracheal tubes for pediatric and neonatal tracheal intubation: A survey-based evaluation among Indian anesthesiologists

1 Department of Paediatric Trauma and Anaesthesia, Superspeciality Paediatric Hospital and Postgraduate Teaching Institute, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
3 Department of Paediatric Surgery, AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
4 Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anju Gupta
Room No. 6, 4th Floor, Porta Cabin, Teaching Block, Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi-110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/TheIAForum.TheIAForum_140_20

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Introduction: the use of cuffed endotracheal tubes (ETTs) in children is debatable. Despite recent literature on the use of cuffed ETT in children, its use is relatively low even in developed world. We conducted this survey to explore the perceptions and patterns of cuffed/uncuffed ETT usage in children, <5 years of age. Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional survey was done using a specially designed Google Form that was circulated among anesthesiologists of any grade practicing in India. The questionnaire was validated by seven experts on a 4-point scale as per the standardized model of content validity index and those with an index <0.78 were modified. Thereafter, the questionnaire was circulated over a month through WhatsApp and a reminder was sent every week for a month. Results: The total response rate was 55% (99/180) and after excluding the responses of postgraduates, 96 responses were evaluated. The use of pediatric cuffed ETT was similar among institutions. Only 35.5% of the respondents routinely used cuffed tubes regularly. The common reasons for nonusage of cuffed tubes included fear of higher resistance to flow and risk of subglottic injury. Those anesthesiologists who were performing higher pediatric cases were more inclined to use a cuffed ETT. Endotracheal cuff pressure was monitored routinely by 40% of the respondents who used cuffed tube. Conclusion: Anesthesiologists practicing pediatric anesthesia are more likely to choose cuffed ETT in children aged <5 years. Safety norms such as cuff pressure monitoring are not being followed routinely when these tubes are used.

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