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The Indian Anaesthetists' Forum
India's first free online journal of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care & Pain Management (Since January 2000)
(Online ISSN 0973-0311)

Quiz & MCQs

Check recent articles on Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Management. You can also check our archives section.

Fibromyalgia-3 (Posted on 12th August, 2013)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. Schweinhardt P, Sauro KM, Bushnell MC. Fibromyalgia: a disorder of the brain? Neuroscientist 2008:epub Feb 12.
  2. T Giovengo SL, Russell IJ, Larson AA. Increased concentrations of nerve growth factor in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with fibromyalgia. J Rheumatol 1999;26:1563-1369.
  3. Martinez-Lavin M. Biology and therapy of fibromyalgia, stress, the stress response system and fibromyalgia. Arthritis Res Ther 2007:9:216-225.
  4. Jones KD, Deodhar P, Lorentzen A, Bennet RM, Deodhar AA. Growth Hormone perturbations in fibromyalgia: A review. Semin Arthritis Rheum 2007;36:357-379.
  5. Cook DB, Stegner AJ, MCLoughlin MJ. Imaging Pain of Fibromyalgia.Curr Headache Rep 2007;11:190-200.
  6. Gracely RH, Petzke F, Wolf.JM, Clauw DJ. Functional magnetic resonance, imaging evidence of augmented pain processing in fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 2002;46:1333-1343.
  7. Harris RE,ClauwDJ,Scott DJ, etal. Decreased central mu opioid receptor availability in fibromyalgia. J Neurosci 2007:27:1000-1006.
  8. KuchinadA,Schweinhardt P et al. Accelerated brain gray matter loss in fibromyalgia patients: premature aging of the brain? J.Neurosci 2007:27:4004-4007.

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Anticoagulation-2 (Posted on 25th July, 2012)
Prepared by Dr. Himanshu Verma*, Dr. Safiya S**, Dr. Jyothi** - Dept of Anaesthesiology & Critical care
* - Medanta, Medcity, Gurgaon
** - KIMS, Hubli
References & Bibliography
  1. Miller’s textbook of anaesthesia – 7th edition.
  2. Stoelting's Anesthesia and Co-Existing Disease - 5th edition.

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Anticoagulation  (Posted on 23rd June, 2012)
Prepared by Dr. Himanshu Verma*, Dr. Safiya S**, Dr. Jyothi** - Dept of Anaesthesiology & Critical care
* - Medanta, Medcity, Gurgaon
** - KIMS, Hubli
References & Bibliography
  1. Miller’s textbook of anaesthesia – 7th edition.
  2. Stoelting's Anesthesia and Co-Existing Disease - 5th edition.

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Pain Pharmacology  (Posted on 21st May, 2012)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. Howard P, Twycross R, Shuster J, Therapeutic reviews- Antiepileptic drugs.
  2. Journal of Pain and symptom management vol 42:9:2011 p 788-804.

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Nutrition in ICU (Posted on 24th April, 2012)
Prepared by Dr. Himanshu Verma, Dr. Jyothi, Dr. Safiya S - KIMS, Hubli
References & Bibliography
  1. ESPEN GUIDELINES
  2. Parenteral nutrition re-visited. IJA, march-apr 2010.
  3. Nutrition in ICU. IJA, oct 2008.

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Fibromyalgia-2 (Posted on 10th Sept, 2011)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. Wolfe F, Smythe HA, Yunus MB, et al. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 Criteria for the Classification of Fibromyalgia. Report of the Multicenter Criteria Committee. Arthritis Rheum 1990;33:160-72.
  2. SM Hayes, GC Myhal, J et. Al , Fibromyalgia and the therapeutic relationship: Where uncertainty meets attitude . Canadian journal of Pain 2010; 15( 6): 385-391.
  3. Wolfe F, Clauw DJ, Fitzcharles MA, Goldenberg D, Hauser W, Katz RS, Mease P et al. Fibromyalgia criteria and severity scales for clinical and epidemiological studies; a modification of the ACR preliminary diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia. J. Rheumatology 2011 :38:5:pp 1-10.

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Fibromyalgia (Posted on 3rd June, 2011)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. Arnold LM, Clauw DJ.: Fibromyalgia syndrome: practical strategies for improving diagnosis and patient outcomes. Am J Med. 2010 Jun;123(6):S2..

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Mechanical Ventilation (Posted on 15th Nov, 2010)
Dr. Anupama Gupta, Jodhpur
References & Bibliography
  1. Mechanical Ventilation: Physiological and clinical applications by Susan P Pilbeam, JM Cairo 4th edition. Pediatric and Neonatal Mechanical Ventilation by Dr Praveen Khilnani.

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Cardio-Cerebral Resuscitation (Posted on 10th June, 2010)
Dr. (Lt Col) Md Rabiul Alam. Combined Military Hospital, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
References & Bibliography
  1. Murthy TVSP, Hooda B. Cardio Cerebral Resuscitation: Is it better than CPR? Indian Journal of Anaesthesia 2009; 53 (6):637-640.
  2. Adult Basic Life Support, Resuscitation guidelines 2005 by Resuscitation Council (UK).

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Vanniloid Receptors (Posted on 06th March, 2010)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. Igor Kissen: Vanilloid induced conduction Analgesia: selective dose dependent long lasting with a low level of potential neurotoxicity. Special article Anesthesia and analgesia Vol 107, July 2008 pp 271-281.

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Anaesthesia Equipment Quiz (Posted on 06th Sept, 2009)
Prepared by Dr. Abhay Patwari, Farwania Hospital, Kuwait
References & Bibliography
  1. Dorsch and Dorsch: Understanding Anaesthesia Equipment - 5th edition.

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Topical Analgesia Quiz - 3 (Posted on 10th April, 2009)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. Journal of pain and symptom management Elsiver publish Review article 2007 (July)
  2. Topical analgesics. Pain Management, Anesthesiology Clinics (25) December 2007.p 825-839

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Topical Analgesia Quiz - 2 (Posted on 10th Sept, 2008)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. Journal of pain and symptom management Elsiver publish Review article 2007 (July)
  2. Topical analgesics. Pain Management, Anesthesiology Clinics (25) December 2007.p 825-839

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Topical Analgesia Quiz - 1 (Posted on 20th July, 2008)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. Journal of pain and symptom management Elsiver publish Review article 2007 (July)
  2. Topical analgesics. Pain Management, Anesthesiology Clinics (25) December 2007.p 825-839

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Capnograhy (Posted on 19th Sept, 2007)
Prepared by Dr. Bhavani Shankar Kodali - MD (Boston, MA)
References & Bibliography
  1. The author maintains website http://www.capnography.com The answers to above questions are well referenced under sections physiology, FAQ, LMA and anesthesia circuits.

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Pharmacotherapy of Pain - 2 (Posted on 22nd July, 2007)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. JJ Bonica. The Management of Pain 2nd edition,Lea & Feibeger Pensylvania 1990
  2. Pain 2002-An updated Review Refresher Course Syllabus Ed.M.A. Giameberardino IASP Press Seattle,2002
  3. Munsterhjelm E,. Munsterhjelm, N M, Tomi T. N, M.D., Ph.D., Ylikorkala, O., Neuvonen,PJ,. Rosenberg PH: Dose-dependent Inhibition of Platelet Function by Acetaminophen in Healthy Volunteers Anesthesiology 2005; 103:7127

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Pharmacotherapy of Pain - 1 (Posted on 11th April, 2007)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. JJ Bonica. The Management of Pain 2nd edition,Lea & Feibeger Pensylvania 1990
  2. Pain 2002-An updated Review Refresher Course Syllabus Ed.M.A. Giameberardino IASP Press Seattle,2002
  3. Munsterhjelm E,. Munsterhjelm, N M, Tomi T. N, M.D., Ph.D., Ylikorkala, O., Neuvonen,PJ,. Rosenberg PH: Dose-dependent Inhibition of Platelet Function by Acetaminophen in Healthy Volunteers Anesthesiology 2005; 103:7127

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Airway (Posted on 31st May, 2007)
Prepared by Dr. Anjan Trikha - All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
References & Bibliography
  1. Airway Management : Principles and Practice. Jonathan L. Benumof Mosiy St Louis. Missouri. USA.

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Blood & Component Transfusion (Posted on 16th Feb, 2007)
Prepared by Dr. Pradeep Bhatia - Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur
References & Bibliography
  1. Questions & Answers About Transfusion Practices, Committee on Transfusion Medicine of the American Society of Anesthesiologists - http://www.asahq.org/publicationsAndServices/transfusion.pdf
  2. Donald L. Kelley: Update on Plasma and Cryoprecipitate Transfusion. The Institute For Transfusion Medicine - http://www.itxm.org/tmu2004/issue2004-1.htm
  3. Guidelines for transfusion of Red Blood Cells - Adults, New York State Council on Human Blood and Transfusion Services - http://www.wadsworth.org/labcert/blood_tissue/txrbcadultsfinal1104.pdf

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Pain Anatomy - 2 (Posted on 14th Dec, 2006)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. JJ Bonica. The Management of Pain 2nd edition,Lea & Feibeger Pensylvania 1990
  2. Pain 2002-An updated Review Refresher Course Syllabus Ed.M.A. Giameberardino IASP Press Seattle,2002

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Pain Anatomy - 1 (Posted on 4th Nov, 2006)
Prepared by Dr. Athma Prasanna - Royal Hospital Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
References & Bibliography
  1. JJ Bonica. The Management of Pain 2nd edition,Lea & Feibeger Pensylvania 1990
  2. Pain 2002-An updated Review Refresher Course Syllabus Ed.M.A. Giameberardino IASP Press Seattle,2002

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Paediatric Anaesthesia (Posted on 12th Sept, 2006)
Prepared by Dr. Mary Korula - Christian Medical College, Vellore
References & Bibliography
  1. JJ Bonica. The Management of Pain 2nd edition,Lea & Feibeger Pensylvania 1990
  2. Pain 2002-An updated Review Refresher Course Syllabus Ed.M.A. Giameberardino IASP Press Seattle,2002

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Obstetric Anaesthesia (Posted on 11th Oct, 2006)
Prepared by Prof. Sunanda Gupta - R. N. T. Medical College, Udaipur
References & Bibliography
  1. Shnider and Levinson's textbook Anesthesia for Obstetrics 4th edition
  2. Obstertic Anaesthesia Ed Sunanda Gupta 1st edition
  3. Jonathan and Lawrence Anesthesia and perioperative complications 2nd edition

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Pulmonary Hypertension (Posted on 20th Sept, 2006)
Prepared by Dr. Ajmer Singh - Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi
References & Bibliography
  1. Chassot PG, Bettex DA. Anesthesia and Adult Congenital Heart Disease. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth.20,3:414-437,2006
  2. Bohn D. Anomalies of pulmonary valve and pulmonary circulation. In Carol Lake(ed).Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia. Appleton and Lange.1993,pp281-323
  3. Am Fam Physician 63,1789-98,2001

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