|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 98-99
Oxygen therapy of two patients from single oxygen flow meter
Amarjeet Kumar1, Neeraj Kumar1, Anil Kumar1, Prakash Kumar Dubey2
1 Department of Trauma and Emergency, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India
|Date of Web Publication||15-Nov-2018|
Dr. Neeraj Kumar
Department of Trauma and Emergency, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna - 801 507, Bihar
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Kumar A, Kumar N, Kumar A, Dubey PK. Oxygen therapy of two patients from single oxygen flow meter. Indian Anaesth Forum 2018;19:98-9
The administration of supplemental oxygen is an essential element of appropriate management for wide range clinical conditions crossing different medical and surgical specialties. The supportive oxygen therapy in various clinical conditions at different places is being supplied by oxygen cylinder and central pipeline. Sometimes, it is very difficult to provide oxygen to several patients during mass casualties or certain resource-limited situations.
Here, we are describing a situation in which oxygen therapy was delivered to two patients from single oxygen flow meter by using two three-way stopcock (PolyMedicure Ltd., Haryana, India) assembly as shown in [Figure 1]. A three-way stopcock may tolerate pressure up to 4.5 bar (65 psi), 360 rotation; it consists of one rotating male luer and two female luer connectors. In this assembly, we connected one female luer of three-way with oxygen tubing connected with flow meter, second female luer with another oxygen tubing connected with T-piece and male luer again connected to another three-way stopcock which provides two additional oxygen outlets. We measured oxygen pressure simultaneously in two different oxygen tubing by connecting its distal end to sphygmomanometer. We found the equal rise of 70 mmHg pressure in both oxygen downstream after keeping the oxygen flow rate at 12 L/min through the flow meter. It is the reflection of resistance offered by the assembly and the oxygen therapy device. Aguiar et al. in 2015 concluded that tubing length of 98.42 ft (30 m) might be used by patients for home delivery oxygen with flows up to 5 L/min, as there were no important changes in flows or FIO2. Clinically significant drops in flowrate were defined as >20% reduction in flows which has been discussed as the normal variance for flow meters. Cullen and Koss in 2005 concluded that clinically significant reductions in flow at 2 L/min for tubing lengths >100 ft (30.48 m), but in our case, length of oxygen tubing was <4 m.
By making above connection of oxygen tubing with three-way stopcock assembly, we provide oxygen outlets to two patients from the single flow meter.
Drawbacks – This assembly will not be useful during high flow oxygen therapy because there may be increased chances of air leak and disconnection at three-way stopcock assembly.
| Conclusion|| |
This assembly is lightweight, easy to make and it is cost effective. This method is particularly helpful during mass casualties, in a remote location where oxygen cylinder and oxygen flow meter are limited.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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